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What to Do About Bloating During Pregnancy

Bloating is a common side effect that you might experience during pregnancy. The feeling is like you are carrying an inflated balloon within your belly and can lead you to frustrating situations when combined with irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea, and constipation. This is when you should look for remedies to overcome bloating.


What causes bloating during pregnancy?

Hormonal changes play a major role in feeling bloated during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones such as progesterone is released to help support your pregnancy. However, the hormones also cause your digestive muscles within your body to slow down, allowing gas to build up. Bloating is something that you might experience during your first trimester of pregnancy could get worse during the third trimester.


How to overcome bloating during pregnancy?

There are some safe and effective home remedies available to help overcome bloating during pregnancy. Some women tend to take OTC supplements to overcome bloating such as fiber supplements, stool softener or probiotics. However, it is best recommended to speak to your doctors first before taking any supplements while pregnant or breastfeeding.

To overcome bloatedness and constipation, you are strongly encouraged to increase your intake of fiber rich food. For instance, you could start to consume more dried fruits, fresh fruits, and whole grains. On top of that, you should also make it a point to drink around 8 full glasses of water per day. Engaging in light physical activities on a daily basis encourage some form of bowel movement.

Another effective method would be to consume small, frequent meals and to go slow with your meals. Smaller meals make it easier for you to digest, lessening the tendency that you might feel tired and bloated after mealtimes. Eating your meals slowly also suggests that you are less likely to take in huge amount of air. It is also important to stick to a well-balanced diet filled with fresh fruits, whole grains, beans, vegetables, and fiber-rich foods. In addition, you should refrain from the consumption of food that is fatty, sugary and fried as this food are proven to be gas producers.

You should also avoid wearing tight fitting clothes that might inflict more pressure around your midsection and abdomen and cause more gas to build up.

Vasectomy After Childbirth

A vasectomy is a type of birth control done on men. The procedure involves a small operation where the vas deferens are either cut or blocked, thereby preventing sperm from being released during ejaculation. After a vasectomy, you and your partner can still enjoy orgasm but it can’t get you to be pregnant. However, in rare cases, you may still get pregnant after a failed vasectomy.

A standard vasectomy procedure is typically performed within 30 minutes and under local anaesthesia. You partner will probably go home after the procedure, but he will need to avoid sex and other strenuous activities for close to a week.

A vasectomy is hardly immediately effective. The reason is that all the existing sperm in the system needs to clear out before the vasectomy can be effective. Sometimes, it can take up to three months to clear out completely and having unprotected sex during this period can result in pregnancy.

Vasectomies are generally safe and rarely result in complications. However, potential short term complications include bruising, swelling, bleeding inside the scrotum, blood in semen and infections. Meanwhile, other possible long term complications of a vasectomy include chronic pain and the buildup of fluid in the testicles.

Although vasectomies are theoretically reversible, it isn’t always reversible.  To tell the truth, reversing it isn’t even an option for some men. Besides, some men will still never be able to get a woman pregnant after a vasectomy reversal.

It is therefore imperative for men to think thoroughly before going in for a vasectomy. A vasectomy is not for men who still desire to have children in the short run. It’s actually advisable to go in for this procedure after you and your partner are done having children or if you don’t want to have children at all.

Endeavour to seek specialist advice from a urologist the moment your partner make up your mind to go in for a vasectomy. A urologist will educate you partner on the procedure and all its risk factors.

In a nutshell, a vasectomy is one of the most efficient birth control methods but needs to be thought out well because reversing it is not always an option.

Boy with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Saved by Sibling’s Cord Blood

This is a real story from Malaysia.

In August 2016, 10-year-old Lucas^, the eldest among his three other siblings, suddenly fell into a state where he constantly felt lethargic and had poor appetite for no apparent reason. He also experienced significant weight loss, with bouts of fever and vomiting over the next three consecutive weeks. Lucas’s persistent condition was alarming and he was advised by his family physician to go to a hospital for treatment.

Lucas’s condition did not improve even after seeking treatment at different hospitals. Finally after enduring numerous blood draws for a myriad of blood tests at the hospitals, Lucas was diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia. “When we found out Lucas has chronic myeloid leukemia, we were crushed,” said Lucas’s father.

Fortunately, Lucas’s brother’s cord blood stem cells stored with Stemlife Berhad Malaysia were a perfect match. Lucas had a successful transplant.

^name has been changed to protect the privacy of the child

Things That Increase Your Chances of Having Twins

Are you dreaming about having twins? If your answer is a yes, then it will be good for you to understand how it works, so you can boost your chances of having one. The first thing you need to know is that twins can be conceived naturally. Also, there are two kinds of twins, namely, identical and fraternal twins.

Identical twins are conceived when a single sperm fertilizes a single egg, but then, the fertilized egg eventually divides at some point, thereby forming two identical twins. The chances of conceiving identical twins are rare, and statistics have it that only an estimated three or four out of every 1000 births are identical twins. Meanwhile, fraternal twins occur when two separate sperm cells fertilize two separate eggs and both fertilized eggs successfully implant themselves into the uterus. Fraternal twins are not necessarily of the same sex and they may not even look alike because they do not share the same DNA.

That said, some factors can increase your chances of having twins. These factors include:

  1.     Genetics

One of the natural factors that can boost your chances of having twins is genetics. Some families have a history of hyperovulation, which is the ability to release more than one egg during ovulation. If you come from such a family, your chances of having fraternal twins are higher.

  1.     Age

Age also affects your chances of having twins. Studies have proven that women in their thirties have more chances of conceiving twins than teenagers and women in their early twenties. This assertion can be explained by the fact that hormonal changes that occur in women who are close to menopause can cause them to release two or more eggs during ovulation.

  1.     Race factors

Race is also another factor that affects the chances of conceiving twins. There are indications that black women are more likely to deliver twins than white women. Similarly, research has shown that the chances of having twins for Asian and Hispanic women are even slimmer than those of whites and blacks.

  1.     Previous pregnancies

Women who have been pregnant before are more likely to conceive twins than those who have never experienced a pregnancy. The odds are even higher for women who have been pregnant with twins before.

  1.     Fertility treatments

Above all, fertility treatments including medications such as Clomiphene citrate and letrozole as well as medical procedures like IVF can also boost a woman’s chances of having twins.

What is Breast Engorgement?

Breast engorgement is a condition that is characterized by an increase in blood flow and milk supply in your breasts a few days after you deliver your baby. The increased blood flow could stimulate your breasts to start producing milk, but on the other hand, could result in pain and discomfort. Although breast engorgement typically happens a few days after birth, it can sometimes recur in the course of breastfeeding.

Breast engorgement causes symptoms that may vary from person to person, but the most common symptoms include heavy or full breasts, swollen breasts, lumpy breasts, hard or tight breasts as well as breasts that are tender or warm to touch.  Other symptoms of breast engorgement include noticeable veins under the skin of the breast, as well as low-grade fever and fatigue on the first day few days of milk production.

The symptoms of breast engorgement must not necessarily be felt on both breasts. Sometimes, they can only be felt on one breast. Certain conditions or events may make some women more prone to breast engorgement than others. The risk factors of breast engorgement include not feeding your baby in time, skipping your pumping sessions, weaning your baby too quickly, nursing your baby when he is sick, not nursing your baby because you decided to use formula, difficulties in latching or sucking by your baby, as well as supplementing your baby’s feeding with formula milk.

If you have breast engorgement that comes alongside high fever, you need to consult your doctor to rule out the possibility of a breast infection.

There are many home remedies for breast engorgement but the ideal remedy depends on whether or not you are breastfeeding. For breastfeeding mothers, the treatment options for breast engorgement include feeding your baby more frequently and regularly, massaging your breasts whenever you are nursing your baby, applying a cold compress or packs of ice on your breast to help relieve pain, nursing your baby for as long as it is interested in sucking, adjusting nursing positions, using a pump to extract breast milk when you can’t nurse, and using prescribed medications to relieve pain.

For mothers who are not nursing, breast engorgement usually lasts for only one day. But if you can’t wait for it to subside on its own, you can go for remedies such as taking prescribed pain medications, applying a cold compress or ice pack on your breast, and above all, putting on firm bras that prevent your breasts from shaking significantly.

Note that you can’t prevent breast engorgement but you can discipline yourself to indulge in safe practices that can help relieve you from the symptoms.

How Do I Get Pregnant After 35?

The good news is getting pregnant after 35 may not be impossible! According to recent studies, it has been identified that over 25% of pregnant women are in fact aged 35 and above. However, there may be some challenges and risks associated with getting pregnant after 35 to watch out for.

Why does your fertility drop after 35?

At birth, you are born with all the eggs that you  will ever. The estimated number is around one to two million. In fact, all these eggs go through the same aging process as you do. As you age, the number and quality of eggs you have in your ovaries gradually decrease and this reduces your fertility and chances of getting pregnant.  In addition, your partner’s age plays a role in contributing to your success rate in getting pregnant. Similar to declining female fertility with age, male fertility also declines as they grow older.

How to increase your chances of getting pregnant after 35?

The best method that you can adopt is to keep track of your menstrual cycle and know when your most fertile period is. The average menstrual cycle is for a duration of 28 days and this could vary between 20 days to 40 days. If you have a regular menstrual cycle, ovulation usually occurs two weeks after your period and this would be the best time of the month to have sex.

It is also important to keep in mind that both you and your partner would have to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to increase your chances of getting pregnant after 35. You and your partner should look into making some lifestyle changes such as eating healthier food, reducing caffeine consumption, reduce stress levels, and quitting smoking.

There are also many fertility treatments to consider if you have difficulty in trying to conceive. Depending on your results, your medical practitioners might recommend you for:

  • Hormone therapies
  • In-vitro fertilization
  • Artificial insemination

If you are still having difficulty after 6 months of trying for a baby, it is best to seek professional help. It is important not to delay help as time is of the essence and with the increasing of age, it significantly affects your odds of conceiving. With proper care and monitoring, you can go on to have normal pregnancy despite being in the older age group.

Boy Started to Walk Five Months after Cord Blood Infusion

This is a real story from United States.

Ashton was born a healthy and normal baby until he became very sick with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and pneumonia at six weeks old. The aggressive condition caused his heart to stop and nearly claimed his life. Even though the doctor managed to bring Ashton back to life, he developed cerebral palsy as there was a lack of oxygen flowing to his brain.

Ashton grew up with no ability to walk or even balance himself. Ashton’s father said, “Before Ashton was born, my wife brought this idea of saving his cord blood. She kept poking at me and said, ‘You know, we should save it, you never know when he might need it.” Luckily, because of his mom’s persistence, Ashton had his cord blood stored at birth.

Ashton’s cord blood was reinfused back into him through a simple IV procedure when he was five years old. Five months after the infusion, Ashton started to regain strength and balance. Soon after, he also started to walk without assistance.

“Before Ashton was born, we banked his cord blood, of course hoping he would never need it… but he did. I think it is the best thing for my son. To see him accomplishing everything that he is doing now, I attribute to the stem cells. I think everybody should look into it more often. If it has done this for my son, it could do it for everybody else. Look at him today,” said Ashton’s father.


This story is originally published on Parent’s Guide to Cord Blood Foundation.

Last accessed 9 April 2021.

Is It Better to Treat Tongue-tie at Birth?

A tongue-tie is a medical condition where the short tight band of tissues in the tongue (or known as lingual frenulum) ties the tip of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. This condition which is medically known as ankyloglossia, often happens at birth. It takes a toll on the baby as it restricts the tongue’s range of motion, thereby making it hard for the baby to even breastfeed. Exclusive breastfeeding babies with tongue tie usually will have slow weight gain and are unable to recover faster from jaundice. Some babies with tongue-tie find it hard to stick their tongues out and as they grow bigger, they face difficulties to speak, eat and swallow.

Doctors are yet to know the exact cause of tongue-tie but there are indications that it is associated with genetic factors, which runs in some families. Although this condition can affect any child, its prevalence rate is higher among boys than girls.

Tongue-tie’s severity is subjected on how flexible the tongue can move around. The most common symptom of tongue-tie is the affected baby has a heart-shaped tongue when stuck out, difficulty sticking out the tongue and troubles moving the tongue side to side.

There is some controversy surrounding the treatment of tongue-tie. While some doctors recommend that it be treated immediately before the baby is discharged from the hospital, other medical experts recommend observing it for some time. The standard treatment for tongue-tight includes two surgical procedures known as frenotomy and frenuloplasty.

Frenotomy is a simple surgical procedure where the doctor uses scissors or laser to cut the lingual frenulum. This procedure can be done with or without anaesthesia and rarely results in complications. Meanwhile, frenuloplasty is a more extensive procedure where the lingual frenulum is too thick for frenotomy. Frenuloplasty is always done under general anaesthesia and the wound is usually closed with sutures. The possible complications of both procedures are rare but they include bleeding, infection, damage to the tongue and damage to the salivary gland.

Nevertheless, tongue-tie can persist in babies without causing any problems and this is why some medical experts opt not to treat it immediately. Some babies may need assistance with lactation and a speech therapist to help improve their speech sounds as they grow older.

Now, it’s left on you as a parent to use your instincts and make a decision on whether or not you want your baby’s tongue-tie to be corrected immediately. Bear in mind that the surgical procedures can still be done later in life if there are indications that the condition is causing discomfort or limiting your child’s oral development.

Major Signs Your Egg Has Been Fertilized

Are you trying for a baby? Pеорlе whо аrе trying to соnсеіvе оftеn рау еxtrа attention tо their bodies. Thаt аttеntіоn іnеvіtаblу іnсludеs lооkіng for signs that іmрlаntаtіоn hаѕ оссurrеd. Imрlаntаtіоn іѕ when a fеrtіlіzеd egg implants itself into thе lіnіng оf thе utеruѕ аnd ѕtаrtѕ to develop into the placenta and еmbrуо.

But сould you tеll whеn does іmрlаntаtіоn actually happen? Thе ѕhоrt аnѕwеr іѕ nо—аt lеаѕt nоt frоm physical ѕуmрtоmѕ аlоnе. Aftеr thе ѕреrm аnd the еgg jоіn also known as conception, thе combined сеllѕ ѕtаrt multірlуіng рrеttу quickly and mоve through оnе оf уоur fаllоріаn tubes tо уоur uterus. This cluster оf rapidly grоwіng сеllѕ іѕ саllеd a blаѕtосуѕt.

Once in уоur utеruѕ, this lіttlе bundle оf cells has tо аttасh, оr іmрlаnt, іntо your uterine wаll. This step, knоwn as implantation, trіggеrѕ rising levels of аll thоѕе fun рrеgnаnсу hоrmоnеѕ (еѕtrоgеn, progesterone, and human сhоrіоnіс gоnаdоtrоріn hCG). If іmрlаntаtіоn doesn’t happen, your utеrіnе lіnіng іѕ shed and results in уоur normal mоnthlу period — a serious dіѕарроіntmеnt іf уоu’rе trying tо get рrеgnаnt, but a rеmіndеr thаt your bоdу is lіkеlу рrерріng for уоu tо try again.

If іmрlаntаtіоn dоеѕ оссur, your hоrmоnеѕ, which ѕоmеtіmеѕ is a nuіѕаnсе, could саuѕе the рlасеntа аnd the еmbrуо (уоur future baby) tо dеvеlор аnd your utеrіnе lіnіng to ѕtау іn рlасе аnd support уоur рrеgnаnсу. Implantation tаkеѕ place anywhere bеtwееn 6 аnd 12 days аftеr you оvulаte and mоѕt соmmоnlу occurs 8 to 9 days after соnсерtіоn. Thus, thе еxасt date of іmрlаntаtіоn would dереnd on when you оvulаtеd, аnd whеthеr соnсерtіоn оссurrеd еаrlу оr late іn thе оvulаtіоn wіndоw.


Major signs of egg fertlization

Let’s еxрlоrе some ѕуmрtоmѕ you might notice іf implantation hаѕ оссurrеd, but keep оur little disclaimer in mіnd:  hаvіng the ѕуmрtоmѕ listed bеlоw doesn’t nесеѕѕаrіlу mean you’re рrеgnаnt — аnd having nо ѕуmрtоmѕ doesn’t nесеѕѕаrіlу mean you’re not.



It’ѕ асtuаllу a lіttlе unсlеаr how соmmоn іmрlаntаtіоn bleeding is аnd іmрlаntаtіоn is оnе cause оf fіrѕt trimester blееdіng. Thіѕ blееdіng саn bе confusing, because it might hарреn аrоund thе tіmе thаt your rеgulаr period wоuld ѕtаrt. Mоѕt соmmоnlу though, іt might оссur a fеw days tо a wееk before уоu еxресt your menstrual period.

There are other differences thаt could hеlр уоu determine whеthеr you аrе еxреrіеnсіng іmрlаntаtіоn blееdіng оr уоur period:

  • implantation blееdіng іѕ mоѕt lіkеlу to bе lіght ріnk оr brоwn (as opposed tо the bright оr dаrk rеd оf уоur period)
  • implantation blееdіng is mоrе lіkе ѕроttіng thаn аn actual flоw оf blооd

Thіѕ ѕроttіng might оссur оnсе, оr lаѕt fоr a fеw hоurѕ, or еvеn uр tо three dауѕ and there could be ѕоmе ріnk оr brоwn dіѕсhаrgе whеn уоu wіре or оn уоur underwear, but you won’t nееd a full раd or tampon — possibly nоt fоr many mоnthѕ!



It’s no ѕесrеt that early рrеgnаnсу саuѕеѕ a rаріd shift of hormones. Mоrе specifically, іmрlаntаtіоn іѕ a trіggеr for thе hormone ѕurgе — that’s whу уоu саn’t gеt thаt second ріnk line оn a home рrеgnаnсу tеѕt untіl аftеr іmрlаntаtіоn. The сhаngіng hоrmоnаl tide сould аlѕо саuѕе cramping. Furthеrmоrе, thеrе’ѕ a lоt gоіng on in уоur utеruѕ as thе fertilized egg іmрlаntѕ аnd bеgіnѕ to grow. Whіlе thеrе’ѕ nо research іndісаtіng thаt implantation itself саuѕеѕ сrаmрѕ, ѕоmе wоmеn dо fееl аbdоmіnаl tеndеrnеѕѕ, lower bасk раіn, or cramping around thе time оf іmрlаntаtіоn. Thіѕ might seem lіkе a mіld vеrѕіоn of hоw уоu feel bеfоrе уоur реrіоd ѕtаrtѕ.



If уоu’vе bееn mоnіtоrіng уоur сеrvісаl muсuѕ, good wоrk, futurе mаmа! Bеіng aware оf what’s gоіng on with your body саn be еmроwеrіng whеn trying tо conceive and you might notice some cervical muсuѕ сhаngеѕ around thе time оf іmрlаntаtіоn.

Durіng оvulаtіоn, your сеrvісаl muсuѕ would bе сlеаr, ѕtrеtсhу, аnd ѕlірреrу (ѕоrt оf lіkе еgg whites). You probably already knоw thіѕ аѕ your grееn light tо gеt уоur bаbу dance on. Aftеr іmрlаntаtіоn оссurѕ, your muсuѕ mіght hаvе a thісkеr, “gummіеr” tеxturе аnd bе сlеаr оr whіtе іn соlоr. And іn the dауѕ оf еаrlу рrеgnаnсу, rіѕіng progesterone аnd еѕtrоgеn mау саuѕе your muсuѕ tо bесоmе еvеn thісkеr, mоrе рrоfuѕе, аnd whіtе оr уеllоw in соlоr.

Cеrvісаl muсuѕ сould bе аffесtеd bу a numbеr of thіngѕ (hormones, ѕtrеѕѕ, іntеrсоurѕе, pregnancy, іmрlаntаtіоn bleeding or уоur period, еtс.) аnd mау nоt bе a reliable indicator of whеthеr or nоt іmрlаntаtіоn has оссurrеd. Stаrt trасkіng your сеrvісаl mucus whіlе уоu’rе nоt рrеgnаnt, аnd a more uѕеful іndісаtоr mау be hоw dіffеrеnt іt іѕ frоm уоur norm durіng еасh ѕtаgе оf your сусlе.



 Rіѕіng progesterone (which hарреnѕ in еаrlу рrеgnаnсу) ѕlоwѕ your digestive system dоwn. This could mаkе уоu fееl blоаtеd. But as ѕо mаnу оf uѕ knоw, thіѕ feeling саn be a rеаllу соmmоn ѕуmрtоm оf your реrіоd, tоо. Wаnt tо know why? Progesterone also rіѕеѕ whеn уоur period іѕ іmmіnеnt. Thаnkѕ, hоrmоnеѕ.


Tеndеr breasts

 Aftеr іmрlаntаtіоn, lеvеlѕ of hCG, еѕtrоgеn, аnd progesterone аll іnсrеаѕе rаріdlу. Thіѕ сould cause уоur bооbѕ to fееl very ѕоrе. (Thеѕе hоrmоnеѕ ѕurе аrе multitaskers!) Whіlе mаnу wоmеn еxреrіеnсе brеаѕt ѕwеllіng or tenderness before their periods, this is likely tо be more noticeable thаn uѕuаl іn vеrу еаrlу рrеgnаnсу.



Arguably thе most fаmоuѕ оf thе еаrlу рrеgnаnсу ѕуmрtоmѕ: nausea, аkа “mоrnіng ѕісknеѕѕ” (thоugh іt саn happen аt any tіmе оf dау). Increased levels оf hCG and progesterone fоllоwіng іmрlаntаtіоn can mаkе уоu feel nаuѕеоuѕ. But аgаіn, this mоѕt соmmоnlу оссurѕ аrоund 4 оr 5 wееkѕ of рrеgnаnсу (аbоut thе tіmе уоu miss уоur реrіоd).

Prоgеѕtеrоnе slows dоwn уоur dіgеѕtіоn, whісh саn contribute to nаuѕеа. Rіѕіng hCG lеvеlѕ аnd a mоrе sensitive ѕеnѕе of ѕmеll can make thе рrоblеm wоrѕе — ѕо nоw mіght bе a gооd time tо аvоіd cooking liver and onions.



While thеу’rе gооd and nесеѕѕаrу for a ѕuссеѕѕful pregnancy, those wіldlу rіѕіng hоrmоnе lеvеlѕ (раrtісulаrlу рrоgеѕtеrоnе) саn аlѕо give уоu hеаdасhеѕ fоllоwіng implantation.

Finally, some wоmеn ѕееm tо еxреrіеnсе a оnе-dау drop in tеmреrаturе аrоund thе tіmе оf іmрlаntаtіоn. Thіѕ іѕ dіffеrеnt than the drор іn tеmреrаturе thаt mеаnѕ уоur period іѕ соmіng — іn thе case оf аn imminent реrіоd, your temperature would stay low.

Feeling Hot While Pregnant: What It Means

It is normal to feel hot during pregnancy. Remember that pregnancy comes with many body changes caused by increased hormone levels. These changes could sometimes cause your hormone levels to rise but this is completely normal. However, overheating during pregnancy can be dangerous to your unborn child. Feeling too hot that you start feeling unwell could actually affect the development of your body.

According to research, heat stress can result in neural tube defects, a condition that affects how the baby’s backbones and spinal cord develop. A core body temperature of or over 102°F or 39°C is considered too hot for pregnant women.

Aside from hormonal changes, several other changes are also responsible for the hot feelings pregnant women get. During pregnancy, your body needs more blood to carry food and oxygen to your unborn baby. This only causes your blood volume to increase by an estimated 50 percent by the time you are in the third trimester of your pregnancy and this could make you feel warmer.

Another thing that also causes pregnant women to feel hot is their heart function. The truth is that during pregnancy, the heart works harder than it normally does and pumps blood about 20 percent faster. This faster heart rate also raises the body’s metabolism and the result could be a slight spike in body temperatures.

In addition, during pregnancy, the blood vessels throughout your body including those near your skin often widen to deliver all the blood. The more blood flows throughout your skin, the more you will glow and also feel warmer.

Above all, the third trimester of pregnancy is characterized by hot flashes for most women. The reason is that at this phase, your growing baby emits body heat which you, in turn, absorb and start feeling hotter from the inside out. If you are expecting multiple babies, you will even feel hotter.

Although hot flashes during pregnancy are mostly caused by hormonal and bodily changes, certain things such as caffeine, spicy foods, hot drinks, anxiety, stress, a warm room, and even tight clothing may also trigger heat during pregnancy. Avoiding these things can therefore prevent the feeling of hotness during pregnancy.

Other ways of keeping cool during pregnancy include staying hydrated, avoiding exercising or working out in closed hot rooms, ventilating your bedroom while sleeping, and avoiding the kitchen on warm days.

While feeling warm can be normal during pregnancy, it can also be a sign of a health complication especially if it’s accompanied by night sweats and symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, muscle aches, and diarrhea. Consult your doctor if you experience any of these conditions alongside overheating during pregnancy.

How Do I Co-parent after a Break-up?

Sometimes, relationships just go wrong making a separation the only way forward. Unfortunately, kids sometimes bear the brunt of separation as starting a new life with parents who live apart could be challenging. But then, as a good parent, you need to figure out a way to co-parent after your breakup. Here are some of the tips for co-parenting after a break-up;


  1.     Take time to heal

Breakups are usually painful, at least to one of the parties. So, if you are the one who got hurt in the relationship, you need to take time to heal to make co-parenting easier for you both. If you are still bitter about what happened, it will be difficult and almost impossible to have reasonable discussions with your ex about the welfare and wellbeing of your child.

  1.     Be involved in your child’s day-to-day life

You need to be intentional about being present in your child’s day-to-day life after a separation. The best way to do so is by communicating effectively and sharing parenting responsibilities with your ex. You guys need to talk about finances, logistics, and your child’s emotional needs. But besides talking, you need to actively participate in your child’s life even if he doesn’t live with you. For example, you could opt for your ex to pick up your child every day from school, even if your child lives with you.

  1.     Set barriers

Many people change after a separation and so to co-parent effectively, you need to set boundaries. Avoid asking personal questions about things that should no longer be your business. For example, resist the urge to ask your ex who he is dating or what his plans are. Rather, stick only to conversations that concern your child’s wellbeing and welfare. When you stick to issues that only concern your child, co-parenting becomes a lot easier.

  1.     Communicate as a team

Communication is as crucial while co-parenting as it is in relationships. It is normal to have disagreements with your ex over your child from time to time but don’t let that be an excuse to cut him off. Rather, find a common ground to communicate with him and explain your angle of the issue so you guys could possibly agree once more.

  1.     Stay accessible

After a break-up, you need to stay accessible to your ex, either by phone or physically. The reason is that issues about your child requiring your approval or disapproval could pop up at any time. So instead of blocking access to your partner, being accessible and flexible will go a long way to help you both co-parent effectively.

What is Secondary Infertility? Tips and Management

If you previously had a child, and now have difficulty conceiving, then you are suffering from secondary infertility. However, for you to be classified as someone with secondary infertility, you must have conceived the first child naturally, without any fertility medications or medical procedures.

Most often, women are diagnosed with secondary infertility after they have tried in vain to conceive for at least twelve months for their second child.

The cause of secondary infertility is often traced to one or both partners. It usually includes a range of conditions or a combination of factors including advanced age, addictive habits such as alcohol and cigarette addiction, certain medications, complications from a prior pregnancy as well as sexually transmitted diseases. For women, the most common causes of secondary infertility include conditions like endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, weight gain, and problems with their reproductive organs.

Meanwhile, the most common causes of secondary infertility in men include poor quality sperm, prostate enlargement, prostate removal, drugs that affect sperm count, using certain toxic sexual lubricants, as well as reduced testosterone levels caused by conditions like genital infections, diabetes, mumps, tuberculosis, smallpox, and emotional stress.

If you suspect that you are suffering from secondary infertility, you do not need to freak out. Rather you need to consult with your doctor immediately so you can get help. Your doctor will most likely review your medical history to determine if there have been any changes from the last time you had your baby. He will also try to find out whether or not your menstrual cycle is regular. Once the cause of your infertility is identified, your doctor will then proceed to put you on the right treatment plan.

Some of the best treatment options for women with infertility include:

  1. Medications: Just like primary infertility, women going through secondary infertility could be prescribed drugs like Clomiphene and Letrozole to induce ovulation.
  2. Intrauterine insemination (IUI): This procedure may also be recommended to surgically place sperms inside the uterus to boost the chances of fertilization and pregnancy.
  3.  In Vitro fertilization (IVF): This is another surgical procedure that involves retrieving eggs from the woman and fertilizing them in a lab to form the embryo.
  4. Antioxidants and anti-aging supplements:  These drugs can increase fertility in men.
  5. Surgery: Some women may also require surgery to treat the underlying cause of secondary infertility.  The surgery could be to repair a structural problem like taking out scar tissues, fibroids, or polyps which are known to make conceiving difficult or almost impossible.