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Will Diabetes Return After Delivery?

Pregnancy is a complicated phase that can bring several health conditions. Gestational diabetes is one of those conditions that can be common amongst pregnant women. So, have you been diagnosed with gestational diabetes? If yes, you don’t need to get all nervous and afraid given that an estimated 90% of gestational diabetes resolves on its own after delivery.

That said, your health care providers will check your blood sugar levels several times before you are discharged from the hospital after childbirth. You will then be informed if your gestational diabetes has resolved or if it’s persisting. Of course, medical follow-up is bound to continue with your glucose being checked at about six to eight months after delivering your baby.

Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing Type II diabetes. According to statistics about two to three per cent of women diagnosed with gestational diabetes develop type II diabetes after delivery. However, you can reduce the risk of having type II diabetes after gestational diabetes by;

Controlling your weight: Women who fail to control their weight after being diagnosed with gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at a high risk of developing Type II diabetes later in life and gestational diabetes during their next pregnancy. Of course, the best way to control your weight is to eat healthy foods such as vegetables, fruits and grains, as well as to exercise for at least 30 minutes daily.

Breastfeeding your baby: Breastfeeding brings many benefits including strengthening the immune system of babies and protecting them against infections. But that’s not all, breastfeeding also lowers the risks of certain conditions, like breast cancer and Type II diabetes in mothers.

Continue with all your medication and follow-up.
Being diagnosed with gestational diabetes puts you at greater risk of developing type II diabetes. Therefore, you need to continue to follow up with your doctor and perform all your blood tests to be sure you are free from diabetes.

Watch out for the symptoms of Type II diabetes: Above all, you should take charge of your health by watching out for the symptoms of Type II diabetes. Some common symptoms of type II diabetes include frequent urination, fatigue, increased thirst for water and fluids as well as unintentional weight loss. Note that having one or more of these symptoms doesn’t mean you have diabetes, but it’s important to report the symptoms to your healthcare professionals for proper diagnosis.

Overall, gestational diabetes always resolves on its own in about 90 per cent of women after they give birth. But then you need proper medical follow-up after delivering to be sure it hasn’t persisted and if it has, you will be putting on the right treatment plan.

Breastfeeding and Tongue Tie

Tongue-tie or medically known as ankyloglossia, is a condition where babies have an abnormally short membrane under their tongues. The short membrane or frenulum, is a strip of skin that connects the tongue to the floor of the mouth and when it is shorter or thicker than usual, it stops the tongue’s tip from sticking out beyond the lower gum.

In another words, it is an actual condition that restricts tongue motions in babies. This condition has been established as a congenital abnormality and it is affecting 2.8% to 10.7%1 of the babies.

With such condition, it may cause breastfeeding difficulties among the babies. Tongue-tied babies cannot protrude their tongues, making it difficult to latch onto breasts. Therefore, a tongue-tied baby may not be able to suckle properly, which means he/she might not get enough milk to grow well.

Mothers with tongue-tied babies may also experience nipple pain, mastitis, low milk supply, and emotional pain. As a result, mothers who plan exclusive breastfeeding often result in weaning their babies early.
Tongue-tie is sometimes diagnosed during a newborn’s examination. However, this condition is not always easy to spot. There are some signs parents can check for to identify tongue-ties in their babies. You may be dealing with tongue-tie if your baby;

• Finds it difficult to latch to the breast
• Continuously takes short breaks while feeding
• Is not gaining weight as expected
• Has problem sticking his/her tongue out
• Has tongue which looks heart-shaped when he/she try to stick it out
• Dribbles milk during breastfeeding

Treatment

If you notice or suspect your baby has a tongue-tie and is not feeding well, it is essential to visit a professional for diagnosis. Untreated tongue-tie in babies may also affect other areas like speech, swallowing, and eating.

There are many debates about the right way to treat tongue-tie. Sometimes, a tongue-tie is asymptomatic and the tongue-tied baby can feed without any problem. For some, you need to learn ways to readjust your breast and position your baby. However, in some cases, a doctor may decide that clipping the tongue-tie is the best solution. Frenotomy in young babies involves cutting the frenulum without anesthesia (or with a local anesthesia). Before tongue-tie clipping is done, you will need to discuss with your doctor to decide if it is the best for your baby’s nutrition.

Reference:
1) Edmunds J, Miles SC, Fulbrook P. Tongue-tie and breastfeeding: a review of the literature. Breastfeed Rev. 2011. Mar;19(1):19-26.

DMER: Sadness When Breastfeeding

Dysphoric milk ejection reflex (DMER) refers to a condition that affects lactating women, whereby one experiences intense sadness and negative emotions that occur seconds before milk ejection and continue for not more than a few seconds.

This condition affects nearly 9% of breastfeeding women. DMER may bring about feelings of sadness, anxiety, nervousness, irritability, and dread. This condition is a physiological response that is associated with a sudden decrease in dopamine before milk let-down. Breastfeeding moms with this condition only experience sadness during milk ejection, but feel fine throughout the rest of the day. DMER is controlled by hormones, and there’s no way you can talk yourself out of the dysphoria. Mothers who experienced DMER with their first child are more likely to experience the condition with their subsequent children.

During breastfeeding, the levels of dopamine (a hormone that creates feelings of pleasure and reward) drop to allow prolactin (a hormone associated with milk production) to rise. A steep drop in dopamine during milk ejection causes chemical imbalance resulting in feelings of sadness. The letdown lasts for about 30 seconds to 2 minutes, and once it’s over, the feelings of sadness fade away. The let-down reflex happens every time a woman breastfeeds their baby –which means it can happen up to 10 times or more within 24 hours. However, breastfeeding mothers may experience DMER even when they are not nursing. Negative emotions can also occur when pumping milk, when thinking about your baby, or hearing the baby crying. Dysphoric milk ejection reflex is not related to postpartum depression, but rather a physiological reflex caused by milk let-down.

Different moms experience dysphoric milk ejection reflex in different ways. The symptoms of DMER range from mild to moderate and severe. Severe DMER may be characterized by thoughts of self-injury and suicide. Mild and moderate symptoms of DMER usually disappear within 3 to 6 months of breastfeeding, but severe cases persist for more than one year.

Treatment for Dysphoric milk ejection reflex
Mild and moderate DMER can be treated using natural treatments such as herbs, B-vitamin complex, foods that increase dopamine, acupuncture, and many other therapies. Research shows that caffeine, dehydration, and stress can worsen symptoms of DMER. Therefore, it’s advisable for nursing mothers to stay hydrated, reduce stress, and avoid caffeine.

Do consult with your doctor if you need medical assistance for DMER.

Is It Safe to Let Your Baby Sleep on Tummy?

Your baby’s safe sleeping habits during his/her first year play a vital role as sleep is needed for his/her growth, mental development, and immune system. Correct sleeping positions positively contribute to a conducive environment for your baby.

Putting Your Baby to Sleep on Tummy
The first year of a baby’s life is usually the most fragile because they are susceptible to infection and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

SIDS risk is highest at 2-4 months old and remains a threat till the 12th month. Sleeping on the tummy during the first months of a baby’s life is ruled as one of the causes of SIDS.

Experts believe that when babies sleep on their stomach, they breathe in and breathe out with less oxygen and excess carbon dioxide. This can reduce the functionality of the lungs, thereby leading to SIDS.

The safest sleeping position for infants is placing them on their back. According to experts, back sleeping reduces the risk of SIDS.

Sleeping on the back strengthens the respiratory system and allows newborns to breathe in more oxygen, thus reducing SIDS risk.

Back to Sleep Campaign
In 1994, the US government launched a Back to Sleep Campaign to enlighten parents on the importance of placing their babies on their back. The campaign had successfully reduced the SIDS rate to 50%. According to a study published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, back sleeping lowers the occurrence of ear infections and fever.

What Should I Do When My Baby Rolls from His/Her Back to His/Her Stomach?
If your baby rolls over his stomach, it is all right to let him/her stay that way. Babies at a particular developmental stage are at reduced risk of SIDS. If your baby can roll over, it means they can protect themselves from the risk of tummy sleeping. However, do not actively place your babies to sleep on their stomachs in their first year.

The ABCs of Safe Sleeping
The American Academy of Pediatrics in 2016 recommended some sleep guidelines to reduce SIDS in babies. These recommendations can be summarized as ABC;

• A stands for Alone (keep all objects like toys, blankets, pillows away).
• B means to place them on their Backs.
• And C for putting them in a Crib.

The American Academy of Pediatrics also said that babies must sleep in a shared room without bed-sharing. That is, place your baby in his/her crib situated in your bedroom where you can monitor them.

References:
1) Changing Concepts of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Implications for Infant Sleeping Environment and Sleep Position. Pediatrics. 2000;105;650.

2) Progress In Reducing SIDS. National Institutes of Health Website. https://safetosleep.nichd.nih.gov/activities/SIDS/progress. Last accessed May 10, 2021.

3) Hunt CE, Lesko SM, Vezina RM, et al. Infant Sleep Position and Associated Health Outcomes. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(5):469–474.

How to Choose A Baby Stroller

A stroller is one of those baby accessories that can make parenthood easy for you. It can make all the difference in the ease with which you and your baby go about your outdoor life, irrespective of whether you are shopping at the mall or just taking a walk in the park. Just like with other baby accessories, strollers are available in different forms including convertible strollers, jogging strollers, umbrella strollers, double strollers and many more. When choosing a stroller, you shouldn’t only focus on what looks visually appealing to you, but choose one that best suits your family lifestyle. When choosing a baby stroller try considering the things mentioned below.

Ease of use
One of the major things you should take into consideration when buying a stroller is how easy it is to use. The wheels of a stroller are particularly crucial to its functionality as it’s used to transport your baby from one place to another. Strollers with larger wheels are easier to use since they can roll smoothly on rough terrain.

Size of a stroller
Some strollers are relatively small while others can be really big. It is therefore important for you to decide if you want a small or a big stroller. Big strollers are recommended to keep your child comfortable as long as they are easy to use and fit perfectly with your kind of activities. For example, ensure that the stroller you choose can fit in the public bus that you board most times. Moreover, the size of your stroller could also depend on the number of children you have. For example, you could opt for a double stroller if you have a set of twins or two toddlers that still require non-stop attention whenever you are out of your house.

Storage capacity
The storage capacity of a stroller is another crucial point to take into consideration when choosing it. As a parent, it’s practically impossible to carry along only your baby whenever you are going out. You need to take other items alongside such as snacks, extra clothes, diapers, water and every other thing that makes your baby comfortable while you are outside. Sometimes, you may also need space to put your personal belongings or items bought from shopping. This is why you need to choose a stroller that has enough storage space at the bottom that can hold your baby items and groceries.

Important accessories
Above all, you should be able to settle for a stroller that comes with other important accessories such as a snack tray, stroller bags, and rain covers. Most strollers with such useful accessories can be expensive but they are indeed worth it.

6 Things to Know About Your Pisces Baby

The traits of babies vary from one another based on their zodiac sign. The same goes for a Pisces baby who possesses distinctive traits. These babies are renowned to be intuitive, creative, and vulnerable. They also have a good imagination. Keep on reading this article to know more about your Pisces baby.

1. They are enthusiastic
Once the Pisces baby has decided to do something, he or she will remain passionate to accomplish it. Your Pisces baby will not require any outside motivation to fulfill his/her needs. They are their own leaders when it’s about doing their favorite thing. They fully focus on their work to complete it well on time.

2. They are compassionate and good-hearted
Pisces kids are kind-hearted and you often find them helping other children in the playground who are being hurt or bullied. They will try their best to help those children feel better. When grown-up, they will likely fight for the rights of other people. Prefer giving them extra care in the form of cuddles, encouragement, and kisses so that they can feel good.

3. They like to have some alone time
Pisces are creative buddies and of course, they need their space and time for it. Prefer creating some space in your home to let them read or write whatever they want. This space will be healthy for your baby’s mind. Don’t be worried if your baby separates himself from a group to do something creative. You can construct a small desk for your Pisces baby to place his personal creations. This will definitely excite him and boost his creativity.

4. They have excellent imagination
Pisces buddies will live in dreams and fantasies. They have artistic nature that makes them very creative. They can create their own stories and are great storytellers. Listen to their stories and encourage them to boost their creativity. They also do well with crafts and art. Prefer buying them building blocks, drawing books, and toys to further improve their creativity.

5. They can quickly trust
Pisces babies can easily trust other people. It’s a good thing and can help build healthy relationships. However, it can be alarming for your kid when people have bad intentions. Give time to your child to make him aware of the troublesome situations.

6. They are generous
Pisces kids love helping others and don’t expect any favors in return. They will take good care of all family members. They are kind-hearted and generous souls. Their emotional maturity is fantastic. They don’t act or speak like other kids of the same age.

6 Things to Know About Your Aquarius Baby

Aquarius is a unique and interesting zodiac sign, and so are the babies having this star. Aquarius babies have unique characteristics and personality traits. These babies remain busy in their thoughts and are bold. Let’s have a look at 6 things that you must know about your Aquarius baby.

1. They are fearless and bold
Your Aquarius baby will hardly be scared of anything. He or she will not be afraid of pets. Aquarius babies often get bored rapidly that’s why they thrive for an exciting adventure. They will experiment with new things only for fun. Their thirst for fun will always succeed no matter of your continuous warnings.

2. They are stubborn
You can’t force your Aquarius baby to do something. They love independence and do whatever they want to. Being a parent of an Aquarius baby, expect him or her to be stubborn each time you try imposing anything on them. Then how will you get something done for your baby? Well, nothing to worry about as you just need to alter your parenting way and make them realize that it’s their idea to do a specific task. Try to turn an order into a challenge so that your baby enjoys doing it.

3. They are fast learners
Aquarius babies love playing with new toys and they feel excited when you buy a new toy for them. These babies are highly curious and love learning new things. They may drill down a toy into tiny pieces to let them understand its functions. Aquarius kids are among those children who ask several questions from their parents and teachers.

4. They love giving surprises
It’s really tough to understand the thoughts of your Aquarius baby. You are likely to get confused if you try to understand his/her brain functions. Their actions will not be streamlined and they will hardly react as wonted. They may not feel sad if their favorite toy gets broken. But no worries as Aquarius babies will always surprise you.

5. They know what they need
Your Aquarius baby has specific desires and he/she may not feel excited with your personal liking. Like you may consider Disneyland to be the best vacation spot, but your baby may not enjoy it. They are well aware of their needs and would insist you fulfill them.

6. They have high energy level
Aquarius babies have high energy levels and you can expect them to be energetic even at night. You will hardly see your baby rejecting to play. If in case you find your baby lazy, then it’s an indication that your baby is sick.

6 Things to know about your Capricorn baby

If you are expecting a Capricorn baby, then you are going to be both stressed and blessed simultaneously. Capricorn babies are active and like performing different activities for stimulating their minds. They love keeping them busy and notice even a single change in their routine. They are shy in nature and prefer doing individual tasks. Here we have compiled a list of 6 things to know about your Capricorn baby.

1. They are shy
A Capricorn baby will feel uncomfortable in new places. They don’t make friends quickly and avoid conversation with strangers. They need privacy and are shy in nature. Also, they avoid attending parties. Even in the school break time, they only play with kids they already know. Also, they are not attention seekers.

2. They are responsible
Capricorn babies are responsible and like to hold charge of different things. You can observe this trait in your baby when it’s time to put together the toys. Your Capricorn baby will become more responsible and stronger as he or she grows up. You will notice your kid doing his/her homework without asking for your help. Of course, it’s great news for any parent.

3. They are stubborn
Expect your baby to be stubborn if he or she is Capricorn. A Capricorn baby is much determined about his/her likes and dislikes. You are likely to hear the word ‘no’ from your baby and it would be tough to change their decision. You can’t force your Capricorn baby to do any specific thing as they hardly negotiate. But nothing to worry about as they are logical and you can persuade them by using valid points.

4. They like taking challenges
A Capricorn baby is brilliant. He or she is inquisitive and loves playing challenging games. Capricorn babies are more focused as compared to other zodiac babies and they can complete their tasks well on time. They can learn new information and things fast that’s why they are likely to lead other babies.

5. They are independent
Your Capricorn baby will not need a partner to play with as he or she is independent. They are good at playing all alone and need less attention in comparison to other babies. They can spend much time on a single activity without getting bored.

6. They are good decision makers
Small kids and most babies find it hard when choosing something. But for Capricorns, decision-making is quite an easy process. They can easily select a bedtime story or a toy to play with.

6 Things to Know About Your Libra Baby

Libra’s baby is sweet and charming. They possess a balanced temperament. Unlike other kids, they love peace and don’t do any kind of crazy stuff. There are a lot of other aspects of Libra babies that you would want to know. Here we are sharing 6 things about Libra babies that can give you a little bit of insight into Libra baby.

1. They are social
Libra people have charming and friendly personalities. They love to do fun so what better way to have fun than being with your friends. Libra babies tend to be involved in social gatherings, activities and become popular from an early age. Their charming personality makes them likeable and easy-going, so any social event is a treat to them. They get along with everyone and enjoy themselves.

2. They are friendly
Since Libra babies are social, making friends is definitely their cup of tea. Put your Libra baby in any room and he or she will make friends instantly. Whether it is their school, daycare, party or a summer camp, they will build up a companionship with everyone around them. Although they have a small circle of friends, but they get along with other people as well.

3. They have a balanced temperament
The zodiac Libra sign is sign of scales—a symbol of balance so you would expect them to have the same ability. Well, that is true because they have a nice way to balance things in their life. As they grow up, they tend to make plans to study and set up playtime separately. They tend to balance things out but if things don’t go in their way, they don’t get disappointed by setbacks.

4. They are peaceful
Librans kids prefer to have peace in their life. They don’t get involved in fights and remain calm in every situation. It is their nature that they don’t fall off the wagon and go crazy with fists and bumps. They even try to avoid conflicts from an early age. So, among friends, they stay neutral.

5. They tend to be polite
With charming personalities and a good sense of humor, they tend to be polite. They are truly prized kids. Even if they don’t like something, they won’t say any bad thing but get aside and allow the others to do their work. Being peace lovers, so they would prefer to please everyone around you. But nobody is polite always, sometimes anger takes over, but Librans tend to stay silent even when they are mad.

6. They love attention
Libra babies love the attention. Being the sociable kind, they have this urge of pleasing everyone and this is how they get attention.

6 Things to Know About Your Virgo Baby

Wondering what are the personality traits of a Virgo baby? Well don’t you worry because we have compiled all the personality traits that parents should know about for their baby. If you are skeptical, you must find out some of the major personality traits in the list below. Check the following personality traits of a Virgo baby below.

1. Virgo babies are super helpful
Most of the Virgo people have this personality trait that they are super helpful, which is a good trait to have. Helping people will always provide you with compassion, love, and more. It is a great way for the kids to learn and how important it is to share with others and to help others.

2. Virgo babies are perfectionists
Another thing that you will find in most of the Virgo people is that they give attention to detail. They are more interested in perfecting things. They want to know every detail about everything. Some of the times it can be a great habit to have but most of the times it can be annoying for some people.

3. They can be bossy
One of the negative personality traits is that they can be bossy. This is the type of personality trait that can be really helpful for the kids to learn the leadership skills but initially it can be difficult for the people to handle such bossy attitude. Having the leadership quality is always better but you must make sure that you teach them to be compassionate and learn more than being just bossy around other people.

4. Hardworking and inquisitive
One of the most positive personality traits in the Virgo babies is that they are hardworking. They can be the ones who are the silent hustlers who do not talk about things a lot but keep hustling for better and bigger. This is definitely a better personality trait that people and specially the mothers can polish if they know about it. The positive attitude and support can turn your Virgo baby into a great mind.

5. Virgos can be shy and modest
If you are a mother of a Virgo baby, you would have noticed that your Virgo baby is a bit shy. It is OK to be shy and modest but make sure that you are polishing their skills and you are helping them to be expressive. This will not only help them and support them to become a better version of themselves but also to show how capable they are.

6. Virgo babies are responsible
You cannot expect them to drink and drive. These are the most punctual and responsible kids. So if you are worried about your Virgo baby to be any other regular teenager who is reckless then you might be a little wrong. These Virgo babies are responsible and know what they want to do and what they should do.

6 Things to Know About Your Leo Baby

Do you want to know more about your upcoming Leo baby? Here are the 6 common personality traits of babies under this zodiac sign.

1. They love to smile
Leo babies have the kind of smile that can brighten up your day and make your nights even better. Simply watching your Leo baby’s beautiful smile can vanish your stress.

2. They are born leaders
They would learn responsibility with no difficulty. Activities that could hone this personality would fit him or her well.

3. They are energetic
Another major personality trait about Leo babies is that they are energetic and easily become the center of attention. The more attention you give them, the happier they are.

4. They are affectionate
Your Leo baby would be showering you with all the love and affection. He or she would enjoy giving you lots of hugs and kisses.

5. They are creative
They would love to engage in activities that would unleash their artistic side. They could start with playing toys that could stimulate their imagination. Eventually, you could do simple DIY (do-it-yourself) projects with him or her.

6. They are competitive
They are fond of winning so it is hard for them to admit their defeat. You must be ready with all the pep talks to make them understand that it is all right to make mistakes because it is when we learn and improve for the better.

6 Things to Know About Your Cancer Baby

Cancer is known to be the most loyal of all zodiac signs. They have unique traits and here we will be talking about 6 things Cancer babies possess.

1. They are moody
Since Cancer babies are ruled by changing moon, they have mood swings similar to changes in tides. There could be moments when they shift from being calm and content to being crybabies. Experts also say that Cancer babies cry more than babies born under the other zodiac signs. But it is nothing to be worried about because they are just sensitive.

2. They love water activities
Cancer is a water sign and is symbolized by the crab which is a kind of creature that can live both on land and in the sea and it represents Cancer perfectly. Cancer babies love playing water sports and activities. Swimming lessons and bath time are something they could enjoy.

3. They are affectionate
Cancer babies are empathetic and affectionate. They feel things and are drawn towards kindness and sweetness. They are natural caregivers. Praise them, be sweet to them, and encourage them when they do something great. They are even loyal to their toys.

4. They love their mothers
The term “Mama’s boy/girl” fits Cancer babies well. Home is their safe haven. They build a special bond with their mother at their early age. This is another reason that they can be quiet and shy when dealing with other people, so being close to his or her mom is their only trust. The Cancer kids are not that sociable so they can have a hard time adjusting to new people and places.

5. They are stubborn
Unlike their sweet and caring nature, they could be stubborn at times. These kids are really intuitive and remember everything, so they do not forget bad experiences. They bottle up negative feelings and burst sometimes or feel sad.

6. They love food
Food is the ultimate love of Cancer babies. If they are upset, a good meal can cheer them up. When it comes to food, Cancer kids will be first to the table.