Low-carb and restrictive diets are not advisable during pregnancy. There is really no way of knowing for sure whether the diets are safe for both you and the baby. The same goes for weight-loss diets. It has been noted that low-carb diets could affect the weight of a baby and its development progress. You may also find that you are not receiving the right nutrients that ensure you stay healthy.
Low-carb diets might have high levels of fat and will constrain the amount of fiber, fruit, and vegetables you eat. They may make you miss out on essential minerals and vitamins. You and your baby need calcium and folic acid that you might not get in abundance. Fats contain twice the amount that leads to weight gain than carbohydrates. There are high levels of protein in low-carb diets. Likely effects of this include bad breath, tiredness and an increased risk of kidney stone development.
Nutrition experts concur that the main meals should be based on starchy foods, where a quarter of a plate is carbohydrates. Whenever you can, pick wholemeal carbohydrates such as whole rice, pasta, and whole bread.
Wholegrain carbohydrates are a potent source of vitamin B, calcium, fiber, and energy; all of which are required during pregnancy. Since constipation is common in pregnancy, a high fiber food could help ease the discomfort. This is because the stomach breaks them down more slowly keeping you energized for longer.
It is common for sugar to be thought of as being a nutrient source. However, that is not the case. Sugary foods such as cakes have saturated fats. Foods and drinks high in either sugar or fats could lead to weight gain during pregnancy. It is good to study food labels, such as the figure showing carbohydrates (of which sugars). This will tell you the amount of sugar contained in a drink. If the total figure surpasses 15g of sugar for 100g of substance, that is high.
Couple all these with a minimum of five vegetables and fruits and consistent exercise. If there is a need to address the issue of weight during the pregnancy, talk to your midwife who may be able to refer you to weight management class. The professional shall also tell you the extent to which you might add during the pregnancy, based on your body mass index from the pre-pregnancy stage.